Full spectrum operations seize, retain, and exploit the initiative and achieve decisive results through combinations of four elements: offense, defense, and stability or civil support. The Army has significant capability gaps against some potential opponents in some parts of the world, which is why we specify that current adversaries are regional peers. Chapters 5 Large-Scale Ground Combat , 6 Defense , and 7 Offense focus on large-scale ground combat, and chapter 8 Operations to Consolidate Gains addresses the echeloned transition from large-scale ground combat to the final achievement of the operational or strategic purpose. A: A dynamic process used by Small-Unit Leaders to analyze a Mission, Develop a Plan, and Prepare for an Operation. The authors argue that all combat is multi-domain, and has been for a long time. Para 48 What is an Area of Operations? This chapter helps Army leaders to understand and differentiate between the requirements of diverse joint operations such as peacekeeping and counterinsurgency. What is the Army doing? A: Depth is the extension of Operations in Space, Time, or Purpose.
A: Follow up with a series of actions that Destroy Enemy Capability, seize decisive terrain, protect populations and critical infrastructure, and degrade the coherence of the Enemy Force. Para 29 What does Adaptation require? Army Reserve unless otherwise stated. The book invites readers, commanders, and their staffs to think critically and apply historical experience to large-scale ground combat of the future in an attempt to preserve American lives and valuable national resources. The strategic environment has changed significantly since then. During the Cold War in Europe, the Army could depend upon its allies to quickly provide the combat power necessary to consolidate gains as large-scale combat ended in a particular area of operations.
This is an old problem for Cold Warriors, but it is a new problem for those without those formative training experiences. Converging those capabilities in support of ground forces to gain and exploit positions of advantage is a critical role played at the division level and higher. The , part of U. Dominance by Attacking Public Will. Change 1 replaces the command and control element of combat power and warfighting function with mission command. From an Enemy point of view, what must U. Chapter 5 describes how the commander builds teams, and how the commander leads inform and influence activities.
Some threat capabilities, particularly integrated air defense systems and long-range surface-to-surface fires, severely impede freedom of action in the air and maritime domains, meaning that the other services may not be able to help solve ground tactical problems as quickly or easily as they did in Iraq and Afghanistan. Four appendixes complement the body of the manual. Many of the considerations necessary to achieve military success in the current operational environment are fundamentally unchanged, but what has changed is important. How the Army solves tactical problems will vary from theater to theater, but the one constant is that regional peers can contest U. A: A Nonstate Entity and a Nuclear-Capable Nation-State partnered with one or more Nonstate Actors. Together, they provide the basis for revising all other Army doctrine and reference publications.
What are the characteristics of an Army Operation? A: The Application of the Elements of Combat Power in Unified Action to defeat Enemy Ground Forces. A: A body of thought on how Army Forces Operate as an integral part of a Joint Force, Doctrine acts as a guide to action rather than a set of fixed rules. The deep fires area is that part of the deep area that is beyond where Army forces would immediately plan to maneuver with ground forces and where primarily joint and Army cross-domain capabilities would be employed. Change 1 provides a rewritten chapter 5 that discusses the commander and defines mission command. How does the Army Seize, Retain and Exploit the Initiative? A: Rapid, Unpredictable, and Disorienting.
A: Setting and Dictating the Terms of Action. For other definitions in the text, the term is italicized and the number of the proponent publication follows the definition. Para 32 What is Synchronization? There are few with that experience in our divisions and brigades now; almost none in our battalions. Para 30 What is Depth? A: Entity possessing Weapons of Mass Destruction or other unique methods to challenge U. It also includes tables listing new, modified, and rescinded terms for which this manual is the proponent. Para 59 What is the Main Effort? Do Not Put questions on any Flashcard Website, Application etc. Army forces do this as part of the joint force, generally in a multinational context, for a joint force commander.
A: A Battle or Engagement, Employing lethal or nonlethal Actions, designed for a specific purpose relative to the Enemy, the Terrain, Friendly Forces, or other entity. The biggest implication is that more forces are required and must be allocated to defeat the enemy on the battlefield and consolidate gains to attain a strategic objective than to just simply defeat the enemy on the battlefield. In effect, the joint force is either winning or losing a competition that provides opportunities to achieve favorable results during operations short of armed conflict, during armed conflict, and during the transition that occurs after armed conflict. Army doctrine describes how the Army operates, while concepts change the Army for the future. A: To Prevent the effective Employment of Enemy Reserves, Command and Control Nodes, Logistics, and other capabilities both in and out of direct contact with Friendly Forces. The consolidation area was designed to solve an age-old problem during operations.
We added them because Army forces are heavily influenced by what happens there and have planning responsibilities for Army activities in those areas and the information environment. What are the types of Offensive Operations? A: Mobile Defense, Area Defense, and Retrograde. The Army can no longer depend upon the Joint Force to solve its tactical problems. It pulls key aspects of the latest doctrine in those areas into the operations conducted by theater armies, corps, and divisions. Over time, as the situation matures, the mix of tactical tasks is likely to be equal parts security and stability in each consolidation area. Army senior leaders identified a gap across Army doctrine, leading to the formulation of the new manual.
The new manual provides proven, easily understood principles and tactics for the near term, with existing multi-domain capabilities over the next several years. What does Unified Land Operations describe? A: A group of Tasks and Systems united by a Common Purpose that Commanders use to accomplish Missions. A: The Decisive Operation or Shaping Operation by generating and maintaining Combat Power. A: The designated Subordinate Unit whose Mission at a given point in time is Most Critical to overall Mission Success. This site contains new army study guide questions and answers for Army boards. The discussion of the intelligence warfighting function now includes sections moved from the old chapter 7.
Para 65 What is the Fires Warfighting Function? Reasonably informed professionals can and do argue which challenges are the most serious, but most might agree that they fall into three general categories. The majority of conflicts in the world are managed over long periods of time, with each side trying to increase and exploit positions of relative advantage. What is a Nonstate Enemy Threat? Follow-and-support units task organized to conduct combined arms operations are essential. Part Three Chapters 7—10 discusses the four types of Army operations: offensive, defensive, stability, and support. The emphasis is on commanders and the central role that they have in battle command.